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Maple Leaf Brigade

Maple Leaf Brigade boxcover
Designers Bennighof,
Game Type Expansion
Format Spiral bound
Release Date 2016-07
Availability In Print
Scenarios 10
Counters 88
Counter Type Laser-cut
Maps 0
Immortalize yourself as the first member to complete this game!
Overall Rating, 0 votes
Expansion Rank: 72 of 74
Popularity: Ownership & Activity
Status Owned by 5% Played by 0% AAR'd by 0% Medaled by 0%
Rank 91st of 99 TBD TBD TBD
Expansion Game Requirements & Playability
12/10 Maple Leaf Brigade
12/10 Elsenborn Ridge
12/10 Road to Berlin
11/10 Hammer & Sickle

Overall balance chart for Maple Leaf Brigade
Side 1 0
Draw 0
Side 2 0
box back

Canadian troops played a major role in the defeat of Nazi Germany, fighting across northern France, Belgium and the Netherlands in three infantry and two armored divisions, plus supporting units. Afterwards, Canadian units participated in the occupation of Germany but steadily drew down their strength until all had returned home by the end of 1946.

Within a few years, Canada found it needed soldiers again. In 1951 a battalion went to Korea, later expanding to a full brigade. In 1950 Canada had also pledged a brigade for the new NATO force to be established in Germany, and recruiting for the new brigade began in secret in early 1951 under the code name “Panda” (Pacific AND Atlantic, not cute cuddly Chinese bears). In May 1951, the plan was revealed to Parliament and each of the Reserve Force’s 15 battalions was asked to contribute one company either from its current strength or new recruits; by the end of the month over 12,000 men had volunteered, mostly new recruits though many of these “new” men were veterans.

Training began in June, and initially the Canadian Army planned to equip the brigade with U.S.-supplied weapons for ease of supply – apparently NATO intended the Canadian brigade to operate with U.S. units, though this does not appear to have been formally stated. When the weapons did not appear in time to commence training, the Canadian Army – unwilling to delay its commitment – reached into its stocks of British-model weaponry to issue British small arms and 17-pounder anti-tank guns. The Americans supplied mortars and artillery, but not ammunition, and so these were also replaced with British models from Canadian stocks (25-pounder artillery pieces and 3-inch mortars) when the brigade arrived in Germany in October 1951. The promised American tanks never arrived – the U.S. Army couldn’t even meet its armor needs for the Korean Conflict then raging – and the Canadian brigade received Centurions instead. The Centurions remained the Canadian tank until 1968, when Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau insisted on purchasing new German-made Leopards rather than a British tank.

Like other brigades of Commonwealth armies, 27th Canadian Infantry Brigade (the brigade’s initial designation) was built around three infantry battalions. The initial brigade had one composite battalion of each of the Canadian Army’s three types of infantry: Rifles, Highlanders and Infantry. Intended to operate as an independent unit, the brigade also included signals, engineer, ambulance and other supporting units, plus a tank squadron (standard in post-war brigades) and an artillery regiment (a battalion in other armies).

A new brigade rotated into Germany every two years, with almost all of the troops from the previous brigade returning home. In 1957 that changed, with the brigade staff and supporting arms remaining in place and the combat battalions rotating home every three years rather than two. Afterwards the brigade designation did not change, and remained 4th Canadian Infantry (later Mechanized) Brigade until it stood down in 1993. Additional rotations brought more reinforcements. The tank squadron was expanded to a full tank regiment (battalion), and the reconnaissance element added a helicopter squadron and expanded its armored cars to a full squadron.

Unlike those of most NATO armies, the Canadian brigade’s troops were long-service volunteers and gained a reputation as one of the best formations in Europe. Initially part of the British Army of the Rhine (BAOR), Canada put some restrictions on her brigade’s employment: it could only be deployed within the NATO area, and could not be broken up into smaller combat groups attached to non-Canadian units. Otherwise, the brigade’s combat service would be at the discretion of NATO’s commander-in-chief. After 1968, the brigade moved to become the mobile reserve for the American VII Corps.

During its first years in Europe, the Canadian brigade relied on the British Army of the Rhine for logistical support, and as in the Second World War followed British doctrine in terms of weapons and organization. Each infantry battalion had four companies, each of three platoons (somewhat smaller than American or Soviet platoons). The troops carried British-made .303 Enfield rifles, supplemented by Sten submachine guns and supported by Bren and Vickers machine guns.

The Canadians had wanted American-made 75mm and 105mm recoilless rifles to serve as infantry anti-tank weapons, along with the 3.5-inch “Super Bazooka” rocket launcher. The Americans could not initially provide these, and the Canadian brigade issued British PIAT spring-loaded launchers in their place.

In these scenarios the Canadians are deployed as a “fire brigade” (the role foreseen for them by NATO’s first commander, Dwight D. Eisenhower) to resist a Soviet attack in October 1951 that forms the basis of our Iron Curtain: Hammer & Sickle book’s story arc. That takes place just as the Canadians are arriving in Germany, so we’ve posited that the heightening tensions described in Hammer & Sickle would have sped the Canadians’ return Europe. Canadian troops were already engaged in combat in Korea by that point, so Canada had proven its determination to resist Communist aggression by force of arms. Had NATO called for the Canadians to arrive earlier, they would have answered.

The battles described never actually took place, but the brigade stood ready to fight them for 42 years. Now you can lead them.

Display Scenario List (12)

Display Order of Battle

Canada Order of Battle
  • Mechanized
  • Misc
  • Motorized
  • Towed
Soviet Union Order of Battle
Army (RKKA)
  • Motorized
  • Motorized

Display Relevant AFV Rules

AFV Rules Pertaining to this Game's Order of Battle
  • Vulnerable to results on the Assault Combat Chart (7.25, 7.63, ACC), and may be attacked by Anti-Tank fire (11.2, DFT). Anti-Tank fire only affects the individual unit fired upon (7.62, 11.0).
  • AFV's are activated by tank leaders (3.2, 3.3, 5.42, 6.8). They may also be activated as part of an initial activating stack, but if activated in this way would need a tank leader in order to carry out combat movement.
  • AFV's do not block Direct Fire (10.1).
  • Full-strength AFV's with "armor efficiency" may make two anti-tank (AT) fire attacks per turn (either in their action segment or during opportunity fire) if they have AT fire values of 0 or more (11.2).
  • Each unit with an AT fire value of 2 or more may fire at targets at a distance of between 100% and 150% of its printed AT range. It does so at half its AT fire value. (11.3)
  • Efficient and non-efficient AFV's may conduct two opportunity fires per turn if using direct fire (7.44, 7.64). Units with both Direct and AT Fire values may use either type of fire in the same turn as their opportunity fire, but not both (7.22, 13.0). Units which can take opportunity fire twice per turn do not have to target the same unit both times (13.0).
  • Demoralized AFV's are not required to flee from units that do not have AT fire values (14.3).
  • Place a Wreck marker when an AFV is eliminated in a bridge or town hex (16.3).
  • AFV's do not benefit from Entrenchments (16.42).
  • AFV's may Dig In (16.2).
  • Open-top AFV's: Immune to M, M1 and M2 results on Direct and Bombardment Fire Tables, but DO take step losses from X and #X results (7.25, 7.41, 7.61, BT, DFT). If a "2X" or "3X" result is rolled, at least one of the step losses must be taken by an open-top AFV if present.
  • Closed-top AFV's: Immune to M, M1 and M2 results on Direct and Bombardment Fire Tables. Do not take step losses from Direct or Bombardment Fire. If X or #X result on Fire Table, make M morale check instead (7.25, 7.41, 7.61, BT, DFT).
  • Closed-top AFV's: Provide the +1 modifier on the Assault Table when combined with infantry. (Modifier only applies to Germans in all scenarios; Soviet Guards in scenarios taking place after 1942; Polish, US and Commonwealth in scenarios taking place after 1943.) (ACC)
  • Tank: all are closed-top and provide the +1 Assault bonus, when applicable
  • Tank Destroyer: do not provide the +1 Assault bonus, even if closed-top (SB)
  • APC – Armored Personnel Carrier: These are Combat Units, but stack like Transports. They can transport personnel units or towed units. They are not counted as combat units for the +1 stacking modifier on the Direct Fire and Bombardment Tables (4.4). They may be activated by regular leaders and tank leaders (1.2, 3.34, 4.3, 5.43). They do not provide the +1 Assault bonus (ACC).
  • Armored Cars: These are Combat Units. They are motorized instead of mechanized. All have their own armored car leaders, who can only activate armored cars (6.85). Do not provide the +1 Assault bonus (ACC).
  • Reconnaissance Vehicle: 8.23 Special Spotting Powers Both foot and vehicle mounted recce units (1.2) possess two special spotting abilities. The first ability is that they can spot enemy in limiting terrain at one hex further than the TEC specifies for other units and leaders. For example, an enemy unit in town can normally be spotted at three hexes or less, but a recce unit can spot them at four hexes.Their second ability is that they can place a Spotted marker on any one enemy unit they can spot per turn, just as if the enemy unit had "blown its cover" by firing. Such Spotted markers are removed as described earlier.
  • Prime Movers: Transports which only transport towed units and/or leaders (May not carry personnel units). May or may not be armored (armored models are open-top). All are mechanized. (SB)

Display Errata (3)

3 Errata Items
Overall balance chart for 951

The reduced direct fire value in Kursk: Burning Tigers is 4-4.

(plloyd1010 on 2015 Jul 31)
Overall balance chart for 993

Kommissars never get morale or combat modifiers. Ignore misprints.

(Shad on 2010 Dec 15)
Overall balance chart for 912

Kommissars never get morale or combat modifiers. Ignore misprints.

(Shad on 2010 Dec 15)

Display Nations (2)

Nations at War - Scenario Appearance Percentages
Soviet Union
Soviet Union

Display Battle Types (6)

Display Conditions (4)

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